Second Step to Pregnancy - Conceiving

 

After doing a proper planning it is imperative for couple to understand the process of conception. Also to have a better chance of conceiving it is also necessary to understand the best time or the most fertile time for the females when they are likely to get pregnant. Kilkari Mother and Child Hospital brings to you second article focusing on CONCEIVING.

Kilkari Mother & Child Hospital, Gurgaon started the series of 9 articles to give you a step by step guide towards a safe and stress free pregnancy. In our first article of the series we laid emphasis on the importance of planning and starting the right medication in time. In this article we will talk about CONCEIVING.

When you are trying to plan a family or in medical language trying to conceive then the most important thing that you need to be aware of is your menstrual cycle. It is the calculation of the cycle and the ovulation period that makes conceiving easy. Apart from menstrual cycle you also need to understand and recognize the changes that your body goes through during the period.

Let’s first understand the menstrual cycle and what happens during this time. The average menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. But normal cycles can vary from 21 to 35 days. The amount of time before ovulation occurs is different in every woman and even can be different from month to month in the same woman, varying from 13 to 20 days long. Learning about this part of the cycle is important because it is when ovulation and pregnancy can occur. 

Day 1 starts with the first day of your period. This occurs after hormone levels drop at the end of the previous cycle, signaling blood and tissues lining the uterus (womb) to break down and shed from the body. Bleeding lasts about 5 days. Usually by Day 7, bleeding stops. Leading up to this time, hormones cause fluid-filled pockets called follicles to develop on the ovaries. Each follicle contains a potential egg. Between Day 7 and 11, one follicle will continue to develop and reach maturity. The lining of the uterus starts to thicken, waiting for a fertilized egg to implant there. The lining is rich in blood and nutrients. Around Day 14 (in a 28-day cycle), hormones cause the mature follicle to burst and release an egg from the ovary, a process called ovulation. Over the next few days, the egg travels down the Fallopian tube towards the uterus. If a sperm unites with the egg here, the fertilized egg will continue down the Fallopian tube and attach to the lining of the uterus. If the egg is not fertilized, hormone levels will drop around Day 25. This signals the next menstrual cycle to begin. The egg will break apart and be shed with the next period.

Basically there are three methods or ways to track your most fertile time:

how to become pregnant

Body Temperature Method - Basal body temperature is your temperature at rest as soon as you awake in the morning. A woman's basal body temperature rises slightly with ovulation. So by recording this temperature daily for several months, you'll be able to predict your most fertile days. Anywhere from 96 to 98 degrees Fahrenheit orally is average before ovulation. After ovulation most women have an oral temperature between 97 and 99 degrees Fahrenheit. You are most fertile and most likely to get pregnant Two to three days before your temperature hits the highest point (ovulation), and 12 to 24 hours after ovulation.

Calendar Method - This involves recording your menstrual cycle on a calendar for eight to 12 months. The first day of your period is Day 1. Circle Day 1 on the calendar. The length of your cycle may vary from month to month. So write down the total number of days it lasts each time. Using this record, you can find the days you are most fertile in the months ahead. To find out the first day when you are most fertile, subtract 18 from the total number of days in your shortest cycle. Take this new number and count ahead that many days from the first day of your next period. Draw an X through this date on your calendar. The X marks the first day you're likely to be fertile. To find out the last day when you are most fertile, subtract 11 from the total number of days in your longest cycle. Take this new number and count ahead that many days from the first day of your next period. Draw an X through this date on your calendar. The time between the two Xs is your most fertile window. 

Ovulation Kit Method – This is the easiest and most used methods these days. There are many companies that have come out with kits that will tell you the most fertile days. This makes the task of conceiving easier and less cumbersome in terms of calculations involved in the traditional methods.

The Best Time to Get Pregnant

You're most likely to get pregnant if you have unprotected sex within a day or so of ovulation (releasing an egg from the ovary). This is usually about 14 days after the first day of your last period. An egg lives for about 12-24 hours after being released.

For pregnancy to happen, the egg must be fertilized by a sperm within this time. If you want to get pregnant, having unprotected sex every couple of days will mean there's always sperm waiting in the Fallopian tubes to meet the egg when it's released.

Sperm can live for up to seven days inside a woman's body. So if you've had sex in the days before ovulation, the sperm will have had time to travel up the Fallopian tubes to "wait" for the egg to be released.

 

In the next article we will talk about the most important phase in the pregnancy i.e. FIRST TRIMESTER. Till then be happy and healthy!!

 

 

 

 

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